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Кардиоваскулярная терапия и профилактика

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ОЦЕНКА СЕРДЕЧНО-СОСУДИСТОГО ЗДОРОВЬЯ: СТАРЫЕ ФАКТОРЫ — НОВАЯ МОДЕЛЬ

https://doi.org/10.15829/1728-8800-2015-5-87-93

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Аннотация

Сердечно-сосудистые заболевания (ССЗ) занимают ведущие пози­ции среди основных причин смерти во всем мире. В 2009г Американской Ассоциацией Сердца была разработана модель сер­дечно-сосудистого здоровья (СС здоровья), введено понятие "иде­ального", "среднего" и "слабого" СС здоровья. При оценке СС здо­ровья учитываются 7 показателей: уровень глюкозы, холестерина, артериального давления, отказ от курения, индекс массы тела, физическая активность и правильное питание. После создания этой модели были проведены исследования по оценке ее эффективно­сти, а также эффективности проводимых профилактических меро­приятий. Стало известно, что распространенность "идеального" СС здоровья в популяции очень мала, <1%, и необходимо учитывать количество "идеальных" показателей, которое может служить силь­ным предиктором не только заболеваемости, но и смертности от ССЗ. Таким образом, внедрение этой шкалы позволит снизить заболеваемость и смертность от ССЗ, путем разработки мер по созданию здорового образа жизни у детей, подростков и лиц молодого возраста, а также повышению восприимчивости населе­ния к понятию здорового образа жизни.

 

Об авторах

А. Э. Имаева
ФГБУ "Государственный научно-исследовательский центр профилактической медицины" Минздрава России. Москва, Россия
Россия

к. м.н., с. н.с. лаборатории экономического анализа эпидемиологических исследований и профилактических технологий отдела эпидемиологии



С. А. Шальнова
ФГБУ "Государственный научно-исследовательский центр профилактической медицины" Минздрава России. Москва, Россия
Россия
руководитель отдела эпидемиологии хронических неинфекционных заболеваний


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Для цитирования:


Имаева А.Э., Шальнова С.А. ОЦЕНКА СЕРДЕЧНО-СОСУДИСТОГО ЗДОРОВЬЯ: СТАРЫЕ ФАКТОРЫ — НОВАЯ МОДЕЛЬ. Кардиоваскулярная терапия и профилактика. 2015;14(5):87-93. https://doi.org/10.15829/1728-8800-2015-5-87-93

For citation:


Imaeva A.E., Shalnova S.A. CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH EVALUATION: FORMER FACTORS — NOVEL MODEL. Cardiovascular Therapy and Prevention. 2015;14(5):87-93. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15829/1728-8800-2015-5-87-93

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ISSN 1728-8800 (Print)
ISSN 2619-0125 (Online)