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Кардиоваскулярная терапия и профилактика

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Менопаузальная гормональная терапия и сердечно-сосудистая профилактика: желаемое или действительное?

https://doi.org/10.15829/1728-8800-2019-3-94-106

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Аннотация

Сердечно-сосудистые заболевания являются основной причиной смерти женщин старших возрастных групп. В течение многих десятилетий проводятся попытки профилактики их развития путем применения эстрогенов. В обзоре литературы представлены современные данные о влиянии менопаузальной гормональной терапии (МГТ) на риск развития сердечно-сосудистых осложнений. Обсуждены результаты основных рандомизированных клинических и обсервационных исследований в этой области, проведенных за несколько десятилетий. Описана концепция «окна возможностей», в соответствии с которой улучшение сердечно-сосудистого прогноза можно ожидать только при начале МГТ у женщин в возрасте до 60 лет в ранней постменопаузе с давностью менопаузы <10 лет. Имеются экспериментальные и клинические  данные, объясняющие различное влияние эстрогенов на сердечно-сосудистый прогноз у женщин разных возрастных групп, с разной продолжительностью постменопаузы. Приведенные в обзоре рекомендации по применению МГТ базируются на современных международных руководствах по этому вопросу.

Об авторах

В. И. Подзолков
ФГАОУ ВО Первый Московский государственный медицинский университет им.И.М.Сеченова (Семеновский Университет) Минздрава России
Россия

Подзолков Валерий Иванович — доктор медицинских наук, профессор, заведующий кафедрой факультетской терапии № 2

Москва



А. Е. Брагина
ФГАОУ ВО Первый Московский государственный медицинский университет им.И.М.Сеченова (Семеновский Университет) Минздрава России
Россия

Брагина Анна Евгеньевна — доктор медицинских наук, профессор кафедры факультетской терапии №2, профессор

Москва



Н. М. Подзолкова
ФГБОУ ДПО «Российская медицинская академия непрерывного профессионального образования» Минздрава России
Россия

Подзолкова Наталия Михайловна — доктор медицинских наук, профессор, заведующая кафедрой акушерства и гинекологии

Москва



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Для цитирования:


Подзолков В.И., Брагина А.Е., Подзолкова Н.М. Менопаузальная гормональная терапия и сердечно-сосудистая профилактика: желаемое или действительное? Кардиоваскулярная терапия и профилактика. 2019;18(3):94-106. https://doi.org/10.15829/1728-8800-2019-3-94-106

For citation:


Podzolkov V.I., Bragina A.E., Podzolkovа N.M. Menopausal hormone therapy and heart disease prevention: desired or valid? Cardiovascular Therapy and Prevention. 2019;18(3):94-106. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15829/1728-8800-2019-3-94-106

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