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Кардиоваскулярная терапия и профилактика

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Подходы к выбору антикоагулянтной терапии у больных с неклапанной фибрилляцией предсердий и ишемической болезнью сердца

https://doi.org/10.15829/1728-8800-2016-2-83-92

Аннотация

В статье представлены подходы к выбору антитромботической терапии (АТ) у больных неклапанной фибрилляцией предсердий (ФП) и ишемической болезнью сердца (ИБС) как при остром коронарном синдроме (ОКС), так и стабильных формах, в т.ч. у перенесших чрескожное коронарное вмешательство. Определение режимов и длительность АТ зависят от формы ИБС, риска кровотечений, анатомии имплантированных стентов в коронарных артериях. В составе АТ в современных регламентирующих документах больным ИБС и ФП рекомендуется любой оральный антикоагулянт: антагонисты витамина К, прямой ингибитор тромбина — дабигатран, селективные ингибиторы Xa фактора свертывания — ривароксабан, апиксабан. Наибольшая доказательная база среди новых оральных антикоагулянтов при данной клинической ситуации представлена для дабигатрана. Выбор двойного и тройного режимов АТ для больных ИБС и с ФП дискутируется. Среди антитромбоцитарных препаратов для комбинации с антикоагулянтом предпочтителен клопидогрел как более безопасный препарат в сравнении с аспирином. Возможность использования для комбинированной терапии с антикоагулянтами тикагрелора и прасугрела ограничена. Указывается на необходимость применения ингибиторов протонной помпы при назначении как двойной, так и тройной АТ больным с неклапанной ФП и ИБС. 

Об авторах

Н. А. Козиолова
ГБОУ ВПО Пермский государственный медицинский университет имени академика Е.А. Вагнера Минздрава России, Пермь
Россия

кафедра пропедевтики внутренних болезней №2

д.м.н., профессор, заведующая 



М. В. Суровцева
ГБОУ ВПО Пермский государственный медицинский университет имени академика Е.А. Вагнера Минздрава России, Пермь
Россия

кафедра пропедевтики внутренних болезней №2

д.м.н., доцент 



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Для цитирования:


Козиолова Н.А., Суровцева М.В. Подходы к выбору антикоагулянтной терапии у больных с неклапанной фибрилляцией предсердий и ишемической болезнью сердца. Кардиоваскулярная терапия и профилактика. 2016;15(2):83-92. https://doi.org/10.15829/1728-8800-2016-2-83-92

For citation:


Koziolova N.A., Surovtseva M.V. Approaches to anticoagulation therapy selection in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation and ischemic heart disease. Cardiovascular Therapy and Prevention. 2016;15(2):83-92. https://doi.org/10.15829/1728-8800-2016-2-83-92

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ISSN 1728-8800 (Print)
ISSN 2619-0125 (Online)